What is your dream figure for a comfortable retirement? - 1 crore or 5 crores. While you might feel mentally satisfied after picking a random big number, it may not be able to give you the desired comforts throughout life after you retire from work. Inflation and taxes* are the two major hurdles towards retirement in India. There is no way you can avoid either, but by working on real numbers, you can factor in ‘inflation’.
You must perform real calculations while planning retirement, so there isn’t a shortage of money later. Inflation is the biggest enemy eating up your return on investments every day.
How Much Money is Enough for Retirement?
If you ask anyone how much money is enough to retire comfortably, there is no one size fits all answer. Every individual must calculate as per their lifestyle. Many factors like current standard of living, expected standard of living after retirement, the number of years the person is expected to live after retirement, health record, liabilities due for payment after retirement, and more require consideration.
Imagine life 30 years from today. You have worked hard to fulfil your goals, and your children have received the best education possible. You have retired and mostly spend time with friends, relatives, and grandchildren. You have a healthy lifestyle with no such office routine, hectic schedules, deadlines to meet, work pressure, etc.
While the scenario sounds great, its possibility largely depends on your financial position upon retirement. To lead a happy and prosperous life, you need money. Therefore, you must focus on investing in the right retirement plans in India to enjoy its benefits in the later years of your life.
Planning your retirement in India is a complex process. You need to crunch heavy numbers. Moreover, there is a lot of uncertainty attached to the factors impacting it. For example, inflation, growth of the economy, returns from investments, job security, rising medical expenses, and job security are some factors that influence your financial planning for retirement.
The Figure of 1 crore
A lot of people want to earn an income in crores so that they do not have to worry about their retirement. If you consider basic utility bills, most people spend a few thousand rupees each month just on electricity, water, and other essential facilities. If you add some other expenses such as your child’s higher studies, a new business venture after retirement or other dreams and goals of your family, this amount can easily escalate into a few lakhs.
Before you start answering the question, you need to accept the golden rule of retirement planning - there is never enough. There are medical expenses to incur, rising inflation to beat, and several other unknowns that require funds.
To arrive at an appropriate answer, you need to guess parameters like growth in savings, income, working life, and inflation. Here is an example to help with a better explanation.
Consider a person in their 30s with a monthly income of around ₹1,00,000. They spend an average of ₹50,000 per month on their living expenses.
If they want to retire at the age of 65 years, they will have about 20-30 years of active professional life ahead and will have to save money to lead a comfortable life until the next 20 years at least.
Here, apart from listing down what all expenses, financial goals, and emergencies the person and their family may have to face, it is equally important to factor in the inflation rate. The inflation rate, which is subject to fluctuation, can increase by the time one chooses to retire. Hence, when buying a retirement plan, considering all future financial needs along with the inflation rate is important.
A suitable retirement plan should enable you to save in crores so that no matter what expenses come up during those years, you should be able to tackle them.
Is One Crore Enough to Retire?
In Sushil’s case, the answer to is 1 crore enough for retirement is no. While ₹1 crore seems like a huge number, it isn’t sufficient to survive in India due to high inflation and lack of social security.
Retirement planning isn’t easy, and as you make calculations, it is better to be conservative. There are chances that you will outlive the number of expected years. Similarly, the annuity rates may fall when you retire. Keep yourself prepared for these situations. It is always a good idea to save a little extra instead of falling short and repenting later.
After you know how much money is sufficient for your retirement, you can devise a suitable financial plan.
Start saving for your retirement as early and as much as possible. If you want to grow your wealth and earn significant returns, you must regularly invest with discipline. A Tata AIA Life Insurance policy is a good place to start.